nitiative is a challenge, but achievable,” she said, adding that at the heart of this challenge lies great potenti
al for innovation and creativity, such as new disaster risk prediction and analysis, and disaster-resilient infrastructures.
Huang Runqiu, vice-minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said dis
aster risk reduction of natural hazards along the initiative is crucial for its success and sustainability.
Regions at the heart of the initiative, such as the Tianshan-Pamir Platea
u, the Himalayas, eastern parts of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and South Asia, are facing serio
us disaster threats due to tectonic movements, fragile ecosystems and extreme weather, he said.
Henrik Slotte, a senior disaster management expert from the UN Environm
ent Program, said poorly managed infrastructure projects can damage the ecosystem.
than 150 countries, including 37 heads of state or government, for the thre
e-day event starting on Thursday, Wang said, adding the forum, themed “Belt and Road Coop
eration: Shaping a Brighter Shared Future”, aims to bring about high-quality cooperation under the initiative.
President Xi Jinping will deliver a keynote speech at the op
ening ceremony of the forum, and chair the leaders’ round-table summit, Wang said.
Saying the BRI has delivered real benefits to participating countries, Wang stated the hats like “debt traps” cannot be put onto t
he head of the Belt and Road, and this is not something any participating country would recognize.
He added that international communities should base their understandings and comments about the BRI on the facts.
Trade volume between China and the countries participating in the B
RI has exceeded $6 trillion, the number of investment is over $80 billion and arou
nd 300,000 jobs have been created for the people from the countries involved in the initiative, Wang said.
whose annual net income was less than 200 yuan ($30) were defined as living below the p
overty line in China in 1985. The line was raised to less than 2,300 yuan by 2011.
Second, how are policies designed to help the poorest people? Chinese policies aim to give the poor a roof over their heads, guarantee
food, clothing and basic medical services, and provide their children with nine years of compulsory education.
Funds and resources have been made available for agricultural subsidies and cheap loans to rural far
mers. Funds also went into rural revitalization, to integrate regional development and build infrast
ructure connecting villages to markets so that farmers could sell their products more easily. Villagers have been enco
uraged to be innovative, with incentives and loans for them to become self-employed and to set up micro-businesses.
Moreover, teams of officials have been traveling to faraway and isolated rural areas to help individual
s and families with individualized plans that target specific problems, such as whether there is ill
ness or disability in the household. In other words, China has not taken a “one-size-fits-all” approach for the tough cases.